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Is it known when topographical maps were first used? Is there some point when CBM or Travis or Colt, perhaps the first architects of the Golden Age, started to make their own more complex drawings and instructions, or when these golf course architects started to use topographical maps and grids instead of relying on surveyors to translate their stake-laying-out processes or sketches into scientific plans for the constructors?
Mike:When it opened in 1907, Philmont had 9 holes. It had 18 by 1911 as noted in your first article. Do you have anything specific on that expansion?A 1909 design being in play by 1911 wouldn't surprise me. As the article notes, Rome wasn't built in a day and that kind of time frame was pretty normal around that time. SvenPS - That last article specifically notes that the "improvements" were made without paid professional assistance. To use the word "evolution" in your description is disingenuous and comes across as intentionally misleading.
I have no doubt that Travis was involved in some way in the work Barker was doing, whether it be on the recommendation side or actually offering advice on design concepts (aka supervising). But he wasn't the guy on the ground, walking the sites, staking out the courses. There is plenty of evidence that this was Barker, on his own. I keep going back to the idea of Travis hiding any design work. It just doesn't make any sense. There are instances from this time period of design suggestions he made being covered in the press, his Fall 1908 visit to Essex County being one example. Why would he have to hide anything. No club was going to pay him, and he certainly wasn't going to accept any money. So if he did offer advice or was even more involved in any work, what was the harm in having that story told?
Sven,It's highly likely that Reid was originally brought in to oversee construction as well as give lessons, etc. to the budding membership. However, from the sounds of it, there seem to have been considerable changes to the golf course from the time it opened in the spring of 1907 til the close of the first year, articles going so far as to call it a "new course". All of these articles (see chronological dates) are from the Philadelphia Jewish Exponent newspaper.