Ellerstina would be the closest in existence today. Although, as Tom pointed out, what your asking requires a lot of internal greens where its probably more prodigious to move the greens closer to the property perimeter to maximize space.
There was an estate course near Oklahoma City
That use to have quite a number of reversible holes, but it appears that half the property has been abandoned.Cabin Bluff
in South Georgia is probably not exactly what you're speaking of, but still a neat concept and more on the scale of what your proposing.
I've sketched out a few concepts of the idea in the past, but it seems very contingent on the land available to give each green that many playing options. I often try to identify a few key primary approaches to each green while not eliminating other avenues players may choose. Most recently Zac Blair asked met to put together a speculative routing for a Ellerstina type course that would be build along with his Buck Club.