Wilmington Golf Course
NC, USA

Green Keeper: Greg Cross

The public golfer is no longer insulted by flat, lifeless bunkers. This diagonal array of restored bunkers guard the approach to the 405 yard 10th hole.


Starting with St. Andrews, the local municipal course has historically provided fun and challenge for the people in its township. Of course, some townships are luckier than others and one of the luckiest of all are the people who live in the city of Wilmington, North Carolina.

At the same time in 1925 that Donald Ross was buildinga private course for nearby Cape Fear Country Club, the City of Wilmington contracted with him to build an 18 hole public access course on sandy soil on a 180 acre tract of land some 3 miles from the Atlantic Ocean. Ross responded with a fine design that was an immediate hit with the locals andthat enjoyed a good reputation throughout the Carolinas, in part becauseits bunkering schemes were so well done.

This string of bunkers guards the outside of the dogleg on the 9th hole while...


...these protect the inside of the dogleg 12th hole.


However, with year around golfing weather and the golf mad people in Wilmington, the course was subjected to 75,000 plus rounds per year. Coupled with general erosion, such wear eventually took its toll.Almost half of the original 72 bunkerswere filled in or lost through time and by the mid-1990s, the greenside bunkerswere worn out to where golfers could readily putt out of many of them. In the case of the Wilmington Golf Course, the bunkers are the predominate hazard that need to be avoided andwith their challenge reduced, the integrity of the course was diminished.

Reid Schronce,the Golf Course Manager and a PGA Member, knew something needed to be done and The Cityof Wilmington started todebate what steps to take. Fortuitously, Michael Fay of the Donald Ross Society happened to pay a visit to fellow DRS member Walker Taylor IV around that very time in 1996. Based on Fay’s subsequent recommendation after having seen the course, a series of events were put in motion that ultimately led to the complete restoration of all 72 bunkers at this municipal course. Not only was the work first rate but it was also done at a fraction of what it typically costs. Specifically, with people like Ron Prichard waiving their usual fee, the cost to restore each bunker was well under $3,000, which includes the shaping, bunker sand, sod, and labor of a three person crew.

The Ross Societyprovided two fold help for the City of Wilmingtonto undertake the bunker restoration project. The first was monetary in that they pledged $7,000 to defray some of the cost of the work. More importantly, they volunteered that Tom Devane, who was inDRS’s internship program under Ron Prichard, would provide onsite supervision torestore all 72 bunkers.Thrilled by this support, the Cityin turn donated the use of a backhoe, dump truck, andemployee assistance.

The project commenced inJuly 1998 with the City selecting Clyde Johnston Designs, Inc, who subcontracted the work to Southeastern Golf, Inc based in Georgia to provide the labor, equipment, equipment operators. Construction started on July 6th, 1998 andthe grand opening was on October 24th of the same year.

The Green Keeper Greg Crosswas heavily involved each step of the way and the end result was a collaborative effort of the sort that is curiously rarely seen. In the end, with the bunkers returned to their original configurations and depths of four to five feet, Ross’s design once again plays as he intended. It provides just the right blend of challenge and fun for the golfer while still allowing Cross to maintain the course under its tight maintenance budget.

The course occupies a 140 acres of maintainable ground and Crosshas his hands full given his $400,000 per annum budget.Ironically, there are several resulting benefits from the limited budget that are painfully absent at many private country clubs.

First, watering the course comes with a price tag and Cross only waters it enough to keep thegrass alive. The joyous result is that the course plays as firm and fast as any course in the country with which the authors are familiar. Ross designed courses in the 1920s with the ground game in mind and theRoss bunkers that are 5 -15 yards short of the putting surface are actually in play as the golfer only has to carry them by a few yardsto see his ball bounce onto the green.

Second, thereare exposed sandy areas throughout the course, especially along the edges of the fairways.If the player strays from the fairway, his lieis unpredictable, which is as it should be for heaven’s sake! If a private club occupied the same property, the odds are that it would have bermuda grass from property edge to property edge. This would be a shame as it a) only adds to the overall maintenance upkeep and b) masks the course’s trump card, which is its sandy base and proximity to the ocean.

Too many private clubs would grass over this area between the 12th and 13th fairways.


Third, the bunkers don’t have a pampered, over-manicured appearance. They actually look like something that the golfer should avoid, which is again as it should be.

A perfect greenside bunker - its natural appearance makes it appear as if it has been there forever.


Fourth, ornamental trees have never been planted.What trees are present are indigenous pines that play no role in dictating the strategy of the holes – if only several hundred other Ross courses wereso lucky!

When added together, golf at the Wilmington Golf Coursecomes as a breath of fresh air to the pampered, soft conditions that dominate golf in the United States. The course better mirrors the simplicity and naturalness of the golf in the United Kingdom,a great thing.

Holes to Note

3rd hole, 430 yards; Not surprisingly, the course’s most well known hole falls over the most dramatic piece of the property with the fairway landing area 30 feet below the tee before the hole twists up the right to a green that is higher than the tee. Holes such as this one help assure that the winner of the annual CityChampionship rarely scores better than a few under par over two rounds on this par 71 course. And though ‘resistance to scoring’ is not what this 6,560 yard course is about (having fun is), it is nonetheless impressive that this public facility keeps today’s best amateur golfers at bay, especially consideringthat only a couple of new tees have been added since Ross’s day.

4th hole, 185 yards; On the rare occasion, Ross wouldpush upso much dirt as to make the green site look forboding. Similar to the 6th hole at Roaring Gap, this one shotter has earned the nickname Volcano by the locals.

The Volcano one shot hole at Wilmington Golf Course.

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