Whistling Straits
WI, USA

Sixth hole, 355 yards; The holes directly along Lake Michigan (2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 13, 16, 17) enjoy glamorous qualities but like Pebble Beach, the quality of the course is held high by the standard of its inland holes. Often overlooked, the sixth is a very fine short/medium two shotter with the golfer needing to avoid the line of charm off the tee with the flag flapping in the breeze well to the right of the best line for his tee ball.

The sixth green is at the right edge of the photograph but the line off the tee is often just to the right of the bunker in the fairway at the left of the photograph.

This little pit at the right front of the sixth green seems a just enough punishment for a hole of modest length.


Seventh hole, 200 yards; The seventh consists of a tee, a green some two hundred yards away with the shoreline, the Lake and deep bunkers in between. This is man vs. nature stuff on an exhilarating stage and Lake Michigan is not just a back drop – it is distinctly in play. The Lake is not staked as a hazard or out of bounds and the golfer is free to play his second shot off the sandy shore.

The spectacular seventh headlines one of the more dramatic sets of one shot holes in golf.


Eighth hole, 450 yards; As opposed to the fourth, Lake Michigan is on the right this time, thus not favoring one style shot or player over another. The green is angled such as to give the appearance of jutting into Lake Michigan and seeing an approach release to the back hole locations is a shot of immense satisfaction.

The approach to the eighth. With nothing behind the green, the flagstick is silhoutted against Lake Michigan, a clever ploy for a course where almost all holes run parallel to the Lake.

Tenth hole, 360 yards; A favorite hole for how it plays, the tee shot is across a deep valley to a humungously wide fairway. Well over thirty (!?) bunkers are in view but one in particular grabs the golfers attention: a small gathering pit dug just where a tee ball likes to land. The strategy revolves around this single bunker and the wind conditions for the day. Now suppose the tenth hole only featured this single dominate bunker. When coupled with the angled green, it still controls the entire holes play even if the other thirty some bunkers in view are removed. Would this less is more design philosophy perhaps make Whistling Straits appear even more natural? The author thinks so and worse case, the course visually would look less busy (i.e. cluttered) and how can that be bad?

The perfectly placed fairway bunker is in right middle of the photograph. Evident in this photo is the expansive feel of Whistling Straits, which is one of its great attributes.

Eleventh hole, 550 yards; A gambling three shotter that can be tackled one of several ways depending on the conditions. The typical option on the second shot is to lay-up short or to the side of a massive banked bunker that is forty yards short of the green. From there, it is a semi-blind wedge shot up to the wild green. The other option under the right conditions is to take the bunker on with the second shot. If the ball carries the bunker, but fails to make or hold the green, the gambling golfer still has a relatively straightforward up and down for a birdie. The golfer who skirts the bunker must come into the green from a less advantageous angle.

The pit on the eleventh dominates the second shot.

Fifteenth hole, 450 yards; From well above the fairway, Dye angled the hole at a 45 degree angle toward Lake Michigan. Thus, apart from making a visually stimulating hole, the benefit from the architect’s point of view is that the wind hits the golfer from a different angle than any other hole. This is the only two shotter on the course to have the Lake as a backdrop for both shots.

The fifteenth plays toward the Lake, providing a different wind angle.


Seventeenth hole, 215 yards; Visually intimidating, this one is set in the opposite direction to the seventh with the Lake and the deep bunkers on the golfer’s left. A bit of a pull from a tired or anxious swing will leave a recovery shot fifteen to twenty feet beneath the surface of the green. Rather than being mesmerized by the gumpf on the left, the golfer should prudently take what the architect has offered: a helping right to left slope at the right front of the green that propels the ball well into the green’s center.

One of the game's most dramatic penultimate holes.


At Whistling Straits, Dye took anumber of chances and many of them paid off handsomely. In terms of holes, the two exceptions are the double dogleg fifth around two water features and the eighteenth hole, which is horribly contrived with a poor tee shot and an even worse approach. Despite these two holes, the golfer still senses that he has just completed a round on one of golf’s most impressively engineered courses as no one can deny the quality of the golf that Dye created from scratch.

Starting in earnest in the 1960s, architects gained ready access to heavy earth moving equipment. Interestingly (and tellingly) enough, course design simultaneously suffered as architects were unsure how best to use their new toys. Pete Dye at Whistling Straits represents one of man’s boldest and most comprehensive uses of such heavy equipment in simulating nature and her contours. Make no mistake – man will never capture the subtleties and nuances found in nature but as none previously existed here, Dye’s effort is an heroic attempt and one every architecture student should see.

The End