Black Mesa Golf Club
NM, USA

Tenth hole, 455 yards; From the first time that he walked the property in the fall of 1998, Spann knew he would keep the tee ball between two rock forms to a natural saddle fairway as part of any final routing. The green slopes left to right and runs away from the player ala a reverse redan.

Options abound off the 10th tee on this dogleg left and range from a power hitter hitting a straight ball over the bush on the left hillside to a more conventional play of flying the bunkers on the inside of the dogleg to aiming right of them and playing a draw. Such options are almost non-existent on tree-lined courses.

The 10th green, with its wicked front hole location. More times than not the hole is up top and the golfer can use the reverse redan features of the green to feed the ball toward the hole.

Eleventh hole, 170 yards; In an ideal routing, the architect takesthe golfer to the most visually appealing parts of the property. In that manner, the golfer is made all the more aware of the beauty that surrounds him, surely a good thing.

Spann did well to incorporate this stunning backdrop into the course. From the player's perspective, the challenge is to stay below the hole on this sharply pitched green.

Twelfth hole, 405 yards; While beauty without strategy remains beautiful by definition, for the golfer, it becomes less engagingwith time if there is nothing to accomplish. And a trademark of every classic course is that it beckons the golfer for a return game with strategy being crucial in luring the golfer back. And one of the most tried and true strategic elements is the diagonal carry wherebyeach golfer can pick his or her correct line based on ability and the day’s playing conditions. The first photograph in this course profilecaptures the angles that the each player has to consider off the 12th tee.

Looking down the 12th. Typical of the greens at Black Mesa, the 12th is well contoured and measures over 7,000 square feet. Also typical are the scale of bunkers - smallish bunkers would look hopelessly out of place in this expansive setting.

Thirteenth hole, 590 yards; Some properties have a homogeneous feel and are none the worse for it with prime examples being Walton Heath Old, Hidden Creek, Pinehurst No. 2 andSand Hills. However, other properties are more diverse and the architect takes delight in introducing the golfer tosuch different parts. Prime examples include Cypress Point, Friar’s Head, The Creek Club and Cape Breton Highlands. In the case of Black Mesa, it belongs more with the later than the former and the 13th is a fineexample of a graceful shift to a different look.

With 70 acres of field to the right of the 13th hole and beyond, the 13th enjoys a different feel from the rest of the course. Note the green, which is a full sixty paces deep and the back hole locations are a good five clubs different than the front ones.

Fourteenth hole, 340 yards; Central hazards area crucial tenet of good design.Hazards that lie between the golfer and the hole must bedealt withandthus lend holes strategic interest. A nice attribute of a central hazardcan bethat a golfer that successfully challenges itwill gethandsomely rewarded. As off the 7th tee, if the golfer can clearacentral hazardin the right center of the 14th fairway, his tee ball should land on the downslope of the knob and be propelled close and perhaps onto the putting surface. In the case of the sandy scrubby area in the 14th fairway,Spann actuallyshaved off a bit of the ridge to give the golfer a better view of the green, a scant 320 yards away. Spann’s hope is to goad the modern power player into having a go at the green as that’s when the fun begins given that the green may be the most severe on the course.

The large formalized bunker in the foreground is only a 165 yard carry from the blue tees; the real hazard is the knob further up. Spann built up the far right side of the fairway to give the player who lays up in that spot a good look down the angled green.

As seen from behind, the hourglass shaped 14th green may be the most severe on the course.

Fifteenth hole, 215 yards; The man-made water hazardtwenty yardsright of the green is the most modern featureand is out of context with the rest of the course. However, as with most one shotters, the green is the key. By now in the round, the first time golfer might be making some assumptions. Seeingthe two hundred footsandstone formation left and the general left to right flow of the land away from it, he can rightfully conclude that the green will follow nature’s lead and slope from left to right.In fact, aspine running toward the golfer further exacerbates the ground’s slope and creates a distinctive higher left and lower right side to the green. Yet, Spannis quick to point out that thecontours function well together and a putt hit from the top left tier to the back of the green can find a cut in the spine and finish close to many of the back lower right hole locations.

Everything slopes left to right at the 15th.

Sixteenth hole, 535 yards; Climbing up arelatively narrow canyon, the16th was always going to be severe as the landform that the 16th fairway occupies narrows to less than twenty yards intwo spots. A tough grueling two shotter could have been placed here but such a hole would have been unmerciful. Spann felt better served by keeping the hole within reach of the average player. Initially, heconsidered a short two shotter with a long one shotter to follow but today’s 14th and 15th were better such holes. In an effort to add variety, a reachable three shotterfit inwell. If the golfer keeps his wits, he can progress up the fairway without undue trouble but the penalties are severe for the greedy golfer who forces the issue.

The 16th would eventually feed up this canyon.

A golfer content with treating the 16th as a three shotter can fit his first two shots into the widest parts of the fairway.

Seventeenth hole, 425 yards; One of the shames of modern architecture is how man’s heavy hand wipes away the interesting random contours found in nature. Not so at the 17th where its lumpy-bumpy fairway reflects the initial property. Also, the skyline green is most attractive, with skyline greens in general having a storied place in golf architecture highlighted by theEden hole at St. Andrews. With no framing or backdrop to comfort the golfer or aid in depth perception, the approachto such greens isparticularly nervy.

The bolder movements within the 17th fairway are evident even from several hundred yards away. Smaller knobs and hollows are encountered as one plays the hole.

The horizon green makes the approach to the 17th green one of the most appealing on the course. The green is only twenty yards deep over the greenside bunkers. The green does balloon to the right so that this public access course can provide plenty of accessible hole locations.

Eighteenth hole, 430 yards; As at the 2nd, 5thand 12th, another appealing diagonal carry greets the golfer from the back markers on the Home hole. Further ahead, the green contours are virtually as Spann found them when he first walked the property. The construction team ofOrtiz Earthscapescarefully preservedthese interior contoursand the Home green caps off a diverse set of eighteen greens rich with character. The architect could have easily had eighteen mundane putting surfaces, figuring that the golfer would hardly notice given the stunning scenery. Yet, given that greensare the ultimate target, to do so undermines the lasting appeal of any course. In fact, so good are the greens at Black Mesa, they deserve equal billing with the routing as the star of the design.

The 18th fairway starts left of this picture and runs downhill toward the clubhouse. The diagonal carry and the hole itself was included in each and every routing that Spann did.

The 18th green complex features the deepest greenside bunkers on the course. Note the random contours within the green.

What conclusions can be drawn from a review of the eighteen holes at Black Mesa? Certainly, one is that classic architectural features abound with the twistbeingthe stunning New Mexico setting and the unique landforms. AsSpann modestly notes,

A site like that has a way of making everyone look good. But I can say this, in hindsight, I would not have wanted to touch that property without having had that 25 years experience under my belt already. I think it really is true that you have to ‘pay your dues’ in this profession – at least it is for me. You have to make a lot of mistakes to learn this art, but your mistakes are not on a canvas that you can wad up and throw away if it doesn’t come out right. And this land was too precious to make any blunders with – hopefully we did right by it.

Get it right he did and this form of high quality, affordable golf is avery exciting development for golf in New Mexico and indeed for the gamein general. Additional such opportunities must surely exist in such states as Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico and Nevada. One can only hope that Baxter Spann gets many more opportunities to work on such projects – his approach of working with the land leaves the ownershipa cost effective end product and the golfer will delight in trying to solvethe strategic challenges for decades to come.

Though a heavily tree-lined Oak Hill might epitomize ‘championship’ golf as it held the pros in check during the 2003 PGA Championship, such style golf is well removed from golf’s origins where trees played no role. The links courses obviously didn’t possess trees nor did the heath courses. And neither do desert courses like Black Mesa.

As the game crossed the Atlantic, men like Leeds at Myopia Hunt, Fownes at Oakmont, Macdonald at both National Golf Club of America and Chicago Golf Club, Emmit/Travis at Garden City Golf Cluband Wilson at Merionhad trees completely removed or at the very least kept well backfrom play. Trees reduce playing angles by narrowing the playing corridors,provide definition, and block the wind -all three characteristics of no appeal tothese architects.

Indeed, the world’s first great courseslike Fowler’s Walton Heath in Englandand Macdonald’s National Links wereopen and expansive. The Old Course at St. Andrews that is considered a strategic marvel to this day didn’t become so until Old Tom Morrismarkedly widenedits fairways.Such coursesmarked a sharp departure from the cramped, symmetricdesigns of the 1890s and before.

Yet, as golf in the United States progressed inlandin the first decadeof the 20th century, many heretobefore features that were considered crucial for an ideal course were lost: wind became less of a factor; as clay replaced sandy soil, the need for built-up green complexes for drainage arosewith an unintended result being thatthe aerial gametookhold; the natural landforms became less pronounced and unique;andfinally overtime, green committees planted hundreds upon hundreds of trees with the negative effects as already mentioned above.

In an ironic twist, inthe southwestpart of theUnited Stateswhere the great past master architects never had the genuine opportunity to work,several modern day architects are working with properties that reverse some of the above. This is indeed an exciting time for modern architecture, as a tour around Baxter Spann’s work at Black Mesa exemplifies.

Though this may not look like landscape associated with traditional golf, Black Mesa assuredly possesses numerous traditional design attributes.

The End